Thursday, May 18, 2017

Lincoln Ch 3-4 by A. G.

In Chapter 3 of Abraham Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln was extremely dedicated to preserving a united nation. Lincoln was the first American president to have ever faced the challenges of disunion, rebellion, and civil war. It was made clear that the southern states had been threatening secession from the Union for many years. South Carolina served notice that if their nullification was rejected by Washington, they would secede. But, never once had the South carried out its threats. A Republican strategist Carl Schurz commented about the Southern states and that they would, “secede, go out and take two drinks, and come back again,”(50). Many Northern congressmen had gotten tired of the empty Southern states threats so they did not take the talk of secession seriously. The Southerners saw the election of Abraham Lincoln as a preemptive act of war. They even considered Lincoln as a “Black Republican” because in their view, Lincoln advocated equality for slaves or worse, favored insurrection. On December 20, 1860, six weeks after Lincoln’s election, the Union came apart. Lincoln decided to fill his cabinet with his former rivals to get different point of views. The substantial dispute between the North and South was slavery was also discussed in the book. Lincoln utilized the suspension of habeas corpus to enforce military conscription. The event that leads into chapter 4 would be that Lincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
In Chapter 4, Lincoln’s order, the Emancipation Proclamation, freed four million slaves with the stroke of a pen. Lincoln’s views on slavery had evolved over the years. He even described himself as naturally anti-slavery. Slavery violated the promise of the Declaration of Independence. The border states, which were slave states, Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri did not join the Confederacy. The thirteenth amendment was ratified in 1865. The Proclamation announced the acceptance of black men into the Union Army and Navy.
The purpose of the author was to inform the reader of Abraham Lincoln’s decisions before and during his presidency. The author showed the impact of Lincoln’s actions such as the push of the Emancipation Proclamation during the war. The voices missing were the Southern states point of view on the Emancipation Proclamation and the Northern states point of view on the Proclamation. Specific comments from the North and South were not mentioned in the book from people living in those areas, only as a whole.
In class we discussed the Abraham Lincoln stretches such as the Emancipation Proclamation, censored press, and the draft of the Northern men. The Emancipation Proclamation did not sit well with some people in the North and most of the people in the South. Most thought that Lincoln was supporting the rights of African Americans, slaves. We also talked about what brought to the point of the Emancipation Proclamation which was the wanting of unity for the Union and the divided cabinet because of the former rivals in the cabinet with very opinionated point of views. The last thing we talked about was the first inaugural address of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln was trying to make it clear to the South that seceding was not a good idea and that they were making their decision to do that too quickly. He wanted them to stop, take a step back and think about what they were planning on doing.
We questioned how the African Americans felt about the Emancipation Proclamation. Turns out they were happy about it but didn’t know how it was going to play out in the end. We also questioned how the North felt about the Proclamation, were they all on board with supporting or did they disagree like the South? Not all of the North supported the Emancipation Proclamation, just like not all of the South disagreed with it either.
The one question we are left wondering would be, did the Emancipation Proclamation that ended up not working out in the end, really have a strong effect on the future of the country?